The Shakti Peetha is a place of worshipping ‘Goddess Shakti’ also called ‘Goddess Sati’ (embodiment of Goddess Parvati) as the main deity. Goddess Sati, also known as ‘Dakshayini’, an aspect of ‘Goddess Adi Parashakti’ is believed to be the Goddess of marital happiness and long life. Goddess Sati is the embodiment of Goddess Shakti (goddess of harmony) and also called such as Goddess Durga (goddess of strength) and Goddess Kali (goddess of destruction of evil).
The 51 Shakti Peethas are believed to be where the various parts of Goddess Sati’s body part or Her ornament (piece of jewellery) is said to have fallen in the Earth, during the course of Lord Shiva’s Rudra Tandava. The four major Adi Shakti Peethas and its relation to ‘Goddess Sati’s body part or Her ornament are as follows:
- Bimala Temple – Pada Khanda
- Tara Tarini Temple – Sthana Khanda
- Kamakhya Temple – Yoni Khanda
- Kalighat Kali Temple – Mukha Khanda
One of the Shakti Peetha, Bimala Temple also named as Vimala Temple is situated in the temple complex of Jagannath Temple at Puri in Odisha. The presiding deities in this temple are ‘Lord Jagannath’ known as Bhairava and the ‘Goddess Bimala’ known as Bhairavi. The sacred food offered to Lord Jagannath is said to be consecrated only after it is presented to Goddess Bimala. And also the devotees worship Goddess Bimala before worshipping Lord Jagannath.
One of the Shakti Peetha, Tara Tarini Temple is situated in the Kumari hills near Berhampur city in Ganjam District, Odisha at a height of 708 feet. This is one of the ancient Tantra Peeth Temple of Odisha. It is believed that the breast of Goddess Sati fell at the Kumari hills where the Tara Tarini Peeth is situated. The Goddess Tara Tarini has been the presiding deity in every house of South Odisha.
One of the Shakti Peetha, Kamakhya Temple is located on the Nilachal Hill in the Guwahati city of Assam. Here Goddess Sati is known as Goddess Kamakhya and also presides in this temple. Among all the other temples, it is one of the main temple dedicated to the Mother Goddess Sati with different forms like Dasa Mahavidya, Bhuvaneshvari, Bagalamukhi, Chinnamasta, Tripura Sundari and Tara. This temple is built by Lord Kamdev, the god of love and also a holy pilgrimage spot for women seeking fertility or love.
One of the Shakti Peetha, Kalighat Kali temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali and is located in the city of Kolkata in West Bengal. The idols in this temple are Goddess Sati as Goddess Kali and Lord Shiva as Lord Nakuleswar. Goddess Kali is known for Goddess of death and also Goddess of Time, Change, Power and Destruction. Kalighat Kali is said to be the most popular deity of West Bengal, worshipped on a dark night.Read more