Amritaghateswarar Abirami Temple
Amritaghateswarar Abirami Temple - Thirukkadaiyur

Amritaghateswarar Abhirami Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva. It is located in Thirukkadaiyur (Thirukadavur), 21 km East of Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu in India.  The temple, in line with the temple architecture of the Chola dynasty, occupies a very vast area of 11 acres, with five courtyards, several imposing temple towers, and large and spacious mandapas. There are three temple tanks, or teerthams, known as ‘Amrita Pushkarini’, ‘Kaala Theertham’ and ‘Maarkandeya Theertham’. There is a separate shrine dedicated to Abhirami. The temple also maintains a separate shrine for Markandeya worshipping Kalasamhara Murti. Although Thirukadaiyur is a Shaiva temple, it contains an old Vaishnava temple. The gods in this temple are Amrita Narayana (Vishnu) and his consort Amrita Valli (Lakshmi). It is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams(shrines mentioned in songs) where three of the most revered Nayanmars (Saivaite Saints), Appar, Sundarar and Thirugnana Sambhandar have sung the glories of this temple.

Tirukkadavur [Kadavur Mayanam] is one of the Ashta Veerattana Sthalams of Lord Shiva, the eight holy places where he revealed his wrath and strength. Shiva vanquished Yaman, the Lord of Death, at this sthalam to save the life of Markandeya. The Shiva lingam is a Swayambhu (Self manifested) lingam. The presiding Deity of this Thirukkadaiyur temple is Shri Amirthakadeswarar and the consort is Shri Abirami. This is the 47th Shiva temple on the southern bank of river Cauvery praised in Thevaram hymns.

History

Amritaghateswarar Temple tower
A beautiful view of the Amritaghateswarar Temple tower-Thirukkadaiyur

Thirukkadaiyur derives its name from the pot, called Gatam in Tamil. Vishnu, Indra, and the other Devas needed a significant place to consume the ambrosia that had been churned during the Samudra manthan and, therefore, brought the ambrosia pot here. Before consuming it, they forgot to worship Lord Ganesha, who is to be worshiped before any great undertaking.

Ganesha, hurt and offended at the unintentional slight by devas, stole the pot of Amrita and hide it at Tirukkadaiyur. Ganesh created the Shiva Linga dedicated to his father Mom poured some of Amita’s.Lord Shiva is known in this temple as  Amrita Ghat Ishwarar, translated from Sanskrit, means “God leads to Immortality “(‘Imamari’ (Amrita) ‘Step’ (Got) ‘Lord’ (Easwara)).

It is also believed that Abhirami incarnated here by the power of Vishnu. According to popular mythology, sage mrikandu and his wife Marudumathi lived near Thirukadaiyar temple. They were both devotees of shiva and worshiped him day and night for many years, asking to be graced with a child. After many years the penance, Shiva appeared to Mrikandu and Marudhamathi. He listened to his prayers and heard give them a choice: They can be a prized son who is only a sixteenth, or son of low intellectual who lives long life. Mrikandu and Marudumathi are selected Were Former Markandeya was blessed with a prototype son who wanted to die at the age of sixteen.

As Markandeya grew, so did his devotion to Shiva. As advised by his father, Markandeya worshipped the Shiva Lingam at Tirukkadaiyur, even bringing water from the Ganges to the temple via an underground passage. On the day he was destined to die, Yama, the deity of death, appeared with his noose to tie around the soul of Markandeya and take it with him. Markandeya sought refuge in the temple and embraced the Siva Lingam. Shiva appeared and warned Yama not to touch Markandeya, as he was under his protection. Yama refused to listen and threw the noose anyway, binding Markandeya and the Lingam together. Angered by Yama’s extraordinary arrogance, Shiva kicked him and held him under his foot, making Yama inactive. Markandeya was blessed by Shiva to remain sixteen years old eternally. Shiva came to be known as “Kala-samhara” (Sanskrit: “Destroyer of Time”) at this temple.

Meanwhile, as Yama was inactive, there was no death on earth, but were people Still born. Burdened by the weight of so many people and unable to sustain their hunger, the earth-goddess, Bhoomi Devi, appealed to Lord Shiva for help. Lord Shiva feels gracious the earth goddess, liberated the Yama, and allowed death again. However, in order to be remembered yama did not try to kill anyone when they worshiped Lord Shiva, the icon of Shiva in this temple is depicted with his forefinger raised in warning. Lord Shiva is believed to have subdued Yama in the Thirumavalayil, the Lord is called Mrs. Mritynjaya (Sanskrit: “Conqueror of Death” or “Victorious over Death”).

Opening Time

Morning 6.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m.

Evening 4.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.

Pooja

Worship is offered six times a day at this temple.

Festival

  • 18 day Yama Samharam in Chithirai month – April-May beginning on the Magam Star day with Lord’s procession each day, Kalasamhara Murthy darshan on the 6th day;
  • Karthikai Monday abishek with 1008 conches;
  • Purattasi Navarathri in September-October;
  • one day Margazhi Vishi Padam festival in December-January;
  • Aadi Pooram in July-August;
  • Aipasi Skanda Sasti in October-November;
  • Maha Shivrathri in February-March
  • Panguni Uthiram in March-April

The temple follows a devotional practice of Andhadhi Parayanam and worshipping the Moon on the New Moon day of Thai month – January-February. Devotee crowd in the temple will be huge on Pradosha days.  Other general festivals as Deepavali, Pongal, Tamil and English New Year days are also observed in the temple with special abisheks and pujas.

By Bus            

Thirukkadaiyur is 22 kms far from Mayiladuthurai on the Nagapattinam road. Frequentbus facility is available.


 By Train 

Nearest Railway Station is located at Mayiladuthurai.


By Air 

Nearest Airport is located at Trichy.

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