Chhinnamasta temple is situated in Rajrappa, Ramgarh district, Jharkhand. Chhinnamasta temple is known as Chinnamastika temple and Rajrappa temple and also dedicated to Goddess Shakti. Chhinnamasta temple is considered as one of the Shakti Peetha temple. The Shakti Peetha is a place of worship to goddess Shakti also called goddess Sati, the main deity. Goddess Sati is the embodiment of Goddess Parvati, goddess of harmony and Goddess Durga, goddess of strength and goddess Mahakali, goddess of destruction of evil.
It is said that the four major Shakti Peethas are created from the limbs of Goddess Sati‘s corpse. The mythology says that Lord Shiva had a dance of destruction (Rudra Tandava) carrying half burnt body of goddess Sati after goddess Sati’s self-immolation. To stop the dance of destruction performed by Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu threw His Chakra (Sudharshan Chakra) on Goddess Sati’s body which dismembered Her body into 52 parts. Each body part or ornament of Goddess Sati that fell on different places of the earth, and is the places where the Adi Shakti temples are built.
And it is said that the head of Goddess Shakti fell at the place where Chhinnamasta temple is has been built. The four major Adi Shakti Peethas are:
- Bimala Temple
- Tara Tarini Temple
- Kamakhya Temple
- Dakhina Kalika Temple
Apart from the following four Shakti Peethas, there are 52 other famous Peetha temples found in the religious books.
The presiding deity of this temple is Goddess Chhinnamasta, one of the Mahavidyas, a group of ten aspects of Goddess Parvati or Goddess Shakti. Goddess Chhinnamasta is also called by the names Goddess Chhinnamastika and Goddess Prachanda Chandika. Goddess Chhinnamasta is said to be goddess of self-sacrifice and the awakening of spiritual energy. She is considered as a sign of self-control on sexual desires and also an embodiment of sexual energy, depending upon elucidation. Goddess Chhinnamasta signifies both the facets of Goddess Devi, ‘a life giver and a life taker’.
The specialty of this temple is that the presiding deity Goddess Chhinnamasta is found without head, who stands on the body of Lord Kamdeo (Kamadeva), the god of love and Goddess Rati, the goddess of love, in a beautiful lotus bed. Lord Kamadeva and Goddess Rati are depicted as a bonking couple. Shockingly the Self-beheaded Goddess Chhinnamasta holds Her head in one of the hand and a sabre in the other hand. The blood that gush out from Her neck is drunk by Her amputated head and by the two attendants.
Apart from the main shrine of Goddess Chhinnamasta, there are other shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva, the Sun god, Lord Hanuman, Goddess Ashtamatrika, Goddess Dakshina Kali and other gods and goddesses. The Mahavidya shrines such as Tara, Shodashi, Bhubneswari, Bhairavi, Bagla, Kamla, Matangi, Dhumavati are built in a sequence nearby the Chhinnamasta shrine.
- Maha Shivaratri – February/March
- Makar Sankranti – January
- Vijayadashami – September/October
Only one bus service provided by Ramgarh project Cooperative Society is running between Chhinnamasta temples to Ranchi (Ratu Road) via Ramgarh Cantonment. Regular bus services are available from new bus stand Ramgarh Cantonment to all important places of Jharkhand and Bihar.
The nearest railway stations are Ramgarh Cant station (28 km), Ranchi Road (30 km), Barkakana (33 km), Ranchi (70 km), and Koderma (135 km).
The nearest airport to reach the temple is Birsa Munda Airport (45 km) located at Ranchi.
- Tooti Jharna Temple
- Mayatungri Temple
- Kaitha Shiv Mandir
- Khere Math
- Banjari Mandir
- Vaisno Devi Mandir
- Hanuman Mandir