Jambukeswarar Temple is situated in Thiruvanaikaval,Tiruchirapalli District of Tamilnadu, represents the element Water. Jambukeswarar Temple is also known as Arulmigu Jambukeswarar Akhilandeswari Temple. The Pancha Bhoota temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva and these five temples are said to be the important pilgrimage places of South India. The word Pancha refers to the number ‘five’ and Bhoota refers to ‘elements’. And the five elements are Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Sky. These five elements are believed to be manifested in the form of five Lingams, the divinity of Lord Shiva. The Jambukeswarar Temple is one among the Pancha Bhoota Lingam temples. The Pancha Bhoota Lingam Temples are:
- Ekambareswarar Temple (Kanchipuram,Tamilnadu)
- Jambukeswarar Temple (Tiruchirapalli,Tamilnadu)
- Arunachalaeswarar Temple (Tiruvannamalai,Tamilnadu)
- Kalahastheeswarar Temple (Sri Kalahasti, Andhrapradesh)
- Thillai Natarajar Temple (Chidambaram,Tamilandu)
The mythology was that Since Goddess Parvati ridiculed Lord Shiva while doing His penance for the improvement of the Universe. Goddess Parvati was asked by Lord Shiva to go to the Earth in the form of Akhilandeshwari to do penance. Goddess Parvati did penance in a Jambu forest at Thiruvanaikaval. And SHE made a Shiva Lingam out of river Cauvery under a Naaval tree and started Her worship. At last, Lord Shiva gave dharshan to Goddess Parvati and taught Shiva Gnana to Goddess Parvati.
There were two disciples of Lord Shiva named Malyavan and Pushpadanta who were popularly called as Shiva Gnanas. Their opinion did not match with each other and results in dissension all the time. This continued and one day they cursed each other resulting Malyavan became an elephant and Pushpadanta became a spider. Even then they continued their worship on earth towards Lord Shiva at Jambukeswaram.
Lord Shiva pleased by their devotion and blessed them to be relieved from their curse. As a result of great devotion of elephant towards Lord Shiva at this place, this place came to be known as Thiruaanaikaadu (the holy elephant forest) which is later changed as Thiruvanaikaval. And it is believed that the spider born as a King in its next birth, who is named as Kochengot Chola, who is said to be built this temple.
The main deities of this temple are Lord Shiva worshipped as Lord Jambukeswarar and Goddess Parvati worshipped as Goddess Akhilandeswari (one of the forms of Goddess Shakti),the ruler of the Universe. The Appu Lingam located under the Jambu tree has an underground water stream and it is always filled with water. The other deities of this temple are Lord Murugan, Lord Saniswarar (Saturn) and Goddess Jeshtadevi, Lord Prasanna Vinayaka, Lord Dakshinamoorthy, Lord Sangareswarar, Lord Natarajar, Lord Subramaniar, Goddess Lakshmi. There are two lingams in this holy shrine, and prayers are offered to both the Lingams.
The Sthala – Vriksham (holy tree) of this temple is a Jambuka tree, which is white in color and it can be seen that the spider and elephant worshipping the Lingam under the Jambu tree with Goddess Parvati. The Jambukeswarar Temple has a seven-tiered structured Rajagopuram, built in a Dravidian style of structure. The shrines of Goddess Akhilandeshwari and Lord Prasanna Vinayaka are seem to be in the shape of “OM”, the Pranava Manthra. The Jambukeswarar Temple is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalam, where most respected Nayanars (Saints) have sung the greatness of the deities in this temple.
- Ushakkala Pooja – 6.30 A.M to 7.30 A.M
- Kaalasandhi Pooja – 8.00 A.M to 8.45 A.M
- Uchikkala Pooja – 11.00 A.M to 12.00 P.M
- Saayaraksha Pooja – 5.00 P.M to 5.45 P.M
- Ardhajama Pooja – 9.00 P.M
- Thai Poosam – January or February
- Thai Theppam (Float festival) – January or February
- Brahmmotsavam – March or April
- Panguni Ther (Car Festival) – March or April
- Vasantha Urchavam (Autumn festival) – May or June
- Aadi Pooram – July or August
- Navarathri – September or October
Thiruvaanaikkaval is situated in the middle of Trichy and Thiruvarangam about 320 km on Chennai & kanniyakumari national highway. The temple is located 8 km from central bus stand and 3 km from Chathiram bus stand Trichy. Government and private bus service is available to reach Thiruvaanaikkaval.
The Nearest Railways stations to Jambukeswarar Temple is Thiruvarangam junction (1 km) and Trichy junction (8km).
The Nearest Airport to Jambukeswarar Temple is at Trichy (15 km).
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