Khir Bhawani Temple (or) Kheer Bhawani Temple of Jammu and Kashmir
Khir Bhawani Temple (or) Kheer Bhawani Temple of Jammu and Kashmir

Khir Bhawani Temple (or) Kheer Bhawani Temple is situated at the east of Srinagar, near Tulmulla village, Jammu and Kashmir state in India and also dedicated to Goddess Bhawani, the universal goddess among the Hindus and the Kashmiris. The term Khir refers to rice pudding, which is offered to goddess Bhawani in the spring to propitiate the goddess. Hence this temple is named as Khir Bhawani Temple. Khir Bhawani Temple is situated at a distance of 14 miles east of Srinagar near the village of Tulmulla.

The mythology says that the demon king Ravana made a tough devotion towards Goddess Maharagya, and pleased by his devotion, Goddess Maharagya appeared before the demon king Ravana and as per his wish, she got installed in Sri Lanka. But later Goddess Maharagya annoyed by the brutal and dissipated behavior of the demon king Ravana, and did not wished to stay at Sri Lanka. And so the goddess is said to have instructed Lord Hanuman to uninstall Her image from Sri Lanka and told to install it in the holy place of Tulmulla.


The presiding deity of this Khir Bhawani temple is Goddess Bhawani who is also called by the names Maharagya Devi, Ragnya Devi, Rajni, Ragnya Bhagwati, and so on. It is believed that Goddess Maharagya is one of the form of Goddess Durga. For the Kashmiri Brahmins, the Historical Vedic Religion followers, Kheer Bhawani Temple is the most important pilgrimage. The temple is surrounded with Chinar trees (Platanus orientalis), which offers a wonderful panorama. The sacred spring at the holy place Tul Mul is called as Mata Ragini Pond. This pond is worshipped by the Kashmiris.

Swami Vivekananda, an Indian Hindu monk and Swami Rama Tirtha, an Indian teacher of the Hindu philosophy of Vedanta are said to have visited this temple and worshiped the Goddess. The special feature of this temple is that the sacred septagonal spring floes from west (which is considered as its head section) to the east (which is considered as its feet), changes its color with various shades of red, pink, orange, green, blue, white, etc. and the black shade of the spring is believed to be unpromising.

Pooja Timings

The temple remains open from morning 6.00 am to night 8.00 pm.


Annual Festival – May or June

By Road

It is well connected to neighboring places like Srinagar, Jammu & New Delhi through national highways. The journey from Delhi to tikkar by road takes approximately 20 hours.

By Train

The nearest railway station is at Jammu. This place is located at a distance of 350 kilometers from Kupwara. From Jammu, it takes around 8 hours to reach Tikkar by Road.

By Air

The nearest airport is Srinagar Airport, which is located at a distance of 90 kilometers from Tikkar Kupwara. Flights from New Delhi & Jammu operate on a daily basis.

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  • Pattamangalam Koil (8Km from Thiruppathur)
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  • Vendhanpatti Nantheeswarar Temple (17Km from Thiruppathur)
  • Piranmalai Mangai Pagar Temple (22Km from Thiruppathur)