Konark Sun Temple is situated at Konark, Odisha, which is also known as Black Pagoda, dedicated to the Sun God Surya. As the temple was close to the shore, it is used as a navigational point by the European sailors, who call it by the name Black Pagoda. Whereas the Jagannath Temple at Puri is known as White Pagoda. The massive structure of the Konark Sun Temple is now in ruins, surrounded by drifting sand. It is built by the king Narasimhadeva I, attributed for the military successes against Muslim Invaders around 1250 AD. (13th century).
According to the literature, it is said that there have been a sun temple in that region dated on the 19th century, originated by Samba, son of Lord Krishna, very earlier than the current temple. The mythology says that the Samba, son of Lord Krishna was struggled with the disease leprosy due to His father’s curse. Samba underwent atonement for 12 years in Mitravana at Konark, pleasing the Sun God Surya.
Finally Lord Surya pleased with Samba’s devotion and cured Him from the disease leprosy. In gratitude, Samba built a temple as a dedication to the Sun God Surya. This Konark Sun Temple takes the form of gigantic Chariot with twelve pairs of delicately ornamented wheels, carrying the sun God Surya drawn with seven horses across the heaven.
The Konark Sun Temple is one of the seven wonders of India. This temple is structured according to the traditional Kalinga architectural style and is oriented towards the east direction so that the first rays of sunrise hit the principal entrance. The sanctum of the temple contains the Sun god in the three projections and the idol of Jagamohana with a convoluted wealth of ornaments and sculptures. Sculptures at the bottom of the temple includes the images of Lord Nataraja (Lord Shiva), in the posture of performing cosmic dance.
The main structural pieces and sculptures of the Konark Sun Temple are:
- The dwarapalakas
- The hall of dance – Natyamandira
- The gana around the waterpipe
- The ceiling lotus
- Yoga and bhoga
- The royal horses
- The wheels
- The nagas
- Man offering a lingam
- The king is presented with a giraffe
It is said that this Konark Sun Temple’s separate quality is that the power comes from the two powerful magnets, which has been built into the towers. The Konark Sun Temple symbolizes the Passage of Time, which represents the days of the week when the sun temple is pulled by the seven horses in the east direction. And the twelve pairs of the wheel represents the twelve months of the year and more peculiarly the eight spokes in each wheel represents the eight ideal stages of a Women.
The surroundings of the temple are carved with various stone sculptures with variety of subjects including the sculptures based on Kama Sutra. The temple also includes the idols of animals, aquatic monsters, Woman, beasts, floral figure and so on. This temple is known as one of the last Indian temples in which a living traditions was at work.
- Konark Dance and Music Festival – Falls in the month of December. Konark Dance festival includes Odissi, Bharatnatyam, Manipuri, Kathak and Chhow.
- Magha Saptami also known as Chandrabhaga Mela festival – Falls in the month of January
- Gand Mool Shanti Pooja – For peace
The Orissa State Road Transport Corporation and private buses provide links with all parts of the state. The Deluxe coach services are being provided from Calcutta, Bijapur, and Vishakhapatnam
The nearest railheads are Puri and Bhubaneswar. These two stations are connected to all the major cities in India through long-distance trains.
The city does not have direct connection from Konark by air. The Nearest air heads are Bhubaneswar and Puri. A number of airlines like the Indian Airlines, the Jet Airways and Sahara connect Bhubaneswar to Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad and Nagpur.
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- Trimbakeshwar temple
- Maa Bhagwati Mandir
- Satya Sai Mandir
- Aishaneshwar shiv temple
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