The Modhera Sun Temple is situated in Modhera in the state of Gujarat, located on the bank of river Pushpavati, dedicated to the Sun God (Lord Surya). This Modhera Sun Temple is believed to be built by Solanki dynasty Bhimdev I in the early period of 1026 AD. The Solanki dynasties were considered to be the scions of Sun God. The Modhera Sun Temple is similar to the Konark Sun Temple at Odisha.
The Modhera Sun Temple is mostly related with the great Hindu epic Ramayana. The legend says that Lord Rama after killing the demon king Ravana, performed yagna to purify Himself from the sin of killing an Brahmin, the demon king Ravana. This Modhera Sun Temple is under ruins and it is now under the administration of Archaeological Survey of India and prayers are not offered in this temple.
The presiding deity of this Modhera Sun Temple is Lord Surya, the Sun god. This temple comprises of about three important characteristics namely:
- Surya Kund
- Sabha Mandap and
- Guda Mandap
Surya Kund is also called as Rama Kund is a tank stores holy water which is used to perform ceremonial ablutions to the Sun god. There are numerous rectangular shaped steps leading the Surya Kund, where 108 mini shrines are carved in-between the steps.
Sabha Mandap is a hall which consists of extremely beautiful pillars and arches, used for the religious gatherings. The 52 carved pillars of Sabha Mandap is said to represent the 52 weeks in a year and the carvings also portray episodes from the epics Ramayana, Mahabharata and Krishna Leela.
Guda Mandap is the sanctum sanctorum is considered as a sun’s flower, which is carried by the lotus-base plinth. It was designed in the structure that the first rays of the sun fall on the idol of the presiding deity, Lord Surya at equinox.
Modhera dance festival – January
State transport buses and private luxury coaches connect various major towns and cities of Gujarat.
The nearest Railway station is Mehsana.
The international airport is the Sardar Vallabhbhai International Airport in Ahmedabad (102 Kms).
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- Navlakha Temple
- Pimpleshwar Mahadev Temple
- Sadhimataji’s temple
- Shree siddhakshetra Jain Balshram
- Shri Hanuman Mandir
- Somnath Temple