Nava Tirupathi Temples is a set of nine temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu, located on the either sides of Thamiraparani River in Tiruchendur to Tirunelveli route in the state of Tamilnadu, India. The Nava Tirupathi Temples are considered as Navagraha (the nine planets) Temples. Devotees worshipped in these temples for relief from the adverse effects of the planets in their life. The Nava Tirupathi temples are headed by ‘Lord Perumal’ (‘Lord Vishnu’) and also there are no separate Navagraha shrine present in this temple.
The Nava Tirupathi temples are classified as “Divya Desams”, the 108 temples of Lord Vishnu which are admired by the 12 Azhvars. The festival of ‘Vaikasi Utsav’, also named by ‘9 Garuda Sevai Utsavam’ celebrated in a grand manner every year in the Tamil month of Vaikasi. The festival idols of deities from all the Nava Tirupathi temples are brought on ‘Garuda Vahana’.Utsavar (An idol) of Nammazhvar is also brought in a palanquin and taken to each of the 9 temples and then the selective ‘Paasurams’ (poems which dedicated to each of the 9 temples) are chanted respectively.
List of Nava Tirupathi Temples and its related Grahas (Planets)
- Srivaikuntam Sri Vaikuntanathan Perumal Temple – Surya (Sun)
- ThiruVaragunaMangai Vijayaasana Perumal Temple – Chandra (Moon)
- ThiruPuliyangudi Bhoomipalagar Perumal Temple – Budha (Mercury)
- Rettai Tirupathi – North Temple (Sri Aravindalochanar Temple, Tholaivilimangalam) – Rahu
- Rettai Tirupathi – South Temple (Sri Devapiran Temple, Tholaivilimangalam) – Ketu
- Perungulam Swamy Mayakoothar Temple, Thirukkulanthai – Shani (Saturn)
- ThenThirupperai Thiru Makara Nedunkulai Kaather Perumal Temple – Shukra (Venus)
- Thirukolur Sri Vaithamanidhi Perumal Temple – Mangala (Mars)
- Alwarthirunagari Perumal Temple, Thirukkurugoor – Guru (Jupiter)
This Temple is one of the Nava Tirupathi temple situated in Srivaikuntam for about 30 km from Tirunelveli, and it is also called as Kailasapuram. The presiding deity here is ‘Lord Vaikuntanathar’ and the other deities of the temple are ‘Goddess Vaikuntavalli’, consort of Lord Vaikuntanathar and ‘Lord Kallapiran’, who is known as the festival deity. The peculiar feature of this temple is that the rays of sun falls directly on the idol of Lord Vaikuntanathar for two days every year (April or May and October or November), as a token of worship.
This temple is located 1km in the east of Srivaikuntam at the place called Natham. The main deity of this temple is Lord Vijayaasana Perumal, in a sitting posture like a triumphant king. The idol of Goddess Varagunavalli, the consort of Lord Vijayssana Perumal is also worshipped in this temple. This place is known as the Chandra Kshetram, and is believed that the devotees who visit to this temple will attain moksha.
This temple is located in Thirupuliyangudi, which is located 2km distance from Srivaikuntam. The main deity of this temple is ‘Lord Bhoomipalaga Perumal’ also called as ‘Lord Kasinivendan Perumal’, an imposing image of Lord Vishnu in a reclining posture and the idol of ‘Goddess Malarmagal Nachiar’, the consort of Lord Kasinivendan Perumal can also be found here. The peculiar feature of this temple is that the holy feet of Lord Kasinivendan Perumal can be seen from the window of the passageway.
The two temples near Thenthiruperai are known as Irattai (twin) Tirupathis. Sri Devapiran Temple and Sri Aravindalochanar Temple are worshipped as the ‘Irattai Tirupati Temples’. These two temples which are located at ‘Tholaivilimangalam’, dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples. In the second temple of Irattai Tirupathi, Lord Aravindalochanar is the main deity of this temple in a sitting posture facing towards the east direction with His consort Goddess Karuntadankanni Naachiyaar.
The two temples near Thenthiruperai are known as Irattai (twin) Tirupathis. Sri Devapiran Temple and Sri Aravindalochanar Temple are worshipped as the ‘Irattai Tirupati Temples’. These two temples which are located at ‘Tholaivilimangalam’, dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples. In the first temple of the two Irattai Tirupathi Temples, Lord Devapiran is considered as the main deity in a standing posture facing towards the east direction.
Perungulam Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple is also known as Sri Mayakoothar Perumal Temple is located at Thirukkulanthai, 12km away from Srivaikuntam. The primary deity of this temple is Lord Srinivasa Perumal and the idol of Goddess Alamelu Mangai Thaayar, the consort of Lord Srinivasa Perumal is also worshipped. In this temple Lord Garuda is considered as an Utsav (festival) deity, because it is said that Lord Vishnu went on His Garuda Vaahan to rescue Goddess Lakshmi from an Asura.
ThenThirupperai Thiru Makara Nedunkulai Kaather Perumal Temple is located on the south banks of Thamirabarani River and also 10km away from Srivaikuntam. The primary deity of this temple is Lord Makara Nedunkulaikaathar in a seated posture facing the east direction. It is also believed that Lord Varuna visits this temple on the full moon day in the Tamil month of Panguni every year to worship Lord Vishnu, as Lord Varuna performed penance in this temple to get relief from a curse.
Thirukolur Sri Vaithamanidhi Perumal Temple is located at the south west of Thiruperai and also 8km away from Srivaikuntam, which is considered as a birth place of MaduraKavi Azhvaar, the devotee of Nammazhvaar. The primary deity of this temple is Lord Vaithamanidhi, in a reclining posture facing in the east direction. This is the place where Nava Nidhis were restored and also the Lord Kubera attained salvation from the curse of Goddess Parvati at this place. It is believed that Worshipping this holy shrine will help in recovering the lost wealth.
Thirukkurugoor Alwarthirunagari Perumal Temple is also known as ‘Alwarthirunagari Viyazhan Temple’, located in Alwarthirunagari at a distance of 5km from Srivaikuntam and also considered as a birth place of Nammazhvar and Manavala Mamuni. It is believed by the Vaishnavites that, ‘Lord Vishnu’ incarnated as Nammazhvar. The principal deity of this temple is ‘Lord Aadhinatha Perumal’, faces to the east in the standing posture and believed to be ‘Swayambhu’ (self-formed).His consort Goddesses are ‘Aadhinatha Nayagi’ and ‘Thirukkurukoornayagi’ presides in separate shrines in this temple.