Pancharama Kshetras also called as Pancharamas are the five temples dedicated to Lord Shiva, who is in the form of a sacred Shivalingam. The five Shiva temples are located at the state of Andhra Pradesh. Pancharama Kshetras are closely related to Tarakasura, a powerful asura. Tarakasura was said to have frequently defeated the gods until the heaven was on the brink to crumble. And is said that no one can defeat him due to the power of the sacred Shivalingam present on the throat of Tarakasura. Additionally he has also got a boon that the son of Lord Shiva, who was a Yogi (Siddhar), and given to severe sternness and far from marriage thoughts can only able to conquer him.
And during Tarakasura Vadha, it is said that the Shivalingam which was present on the throat of Tarakasura, was divided into five pieces by Lord Kumara Swami (Lord Murugan) using His Aagneasthra, the weapon of fire. And to avert from pieces of Shivalingam getting united with each other, the five pieces of lingam are installed in the place where it fell and a temple has been constructed on each places by Lord Indra (the leader of the devas), the sun god Surya, the moon god Chandra, Lord Vishnu (the preserver) and Lord Kumara Swami as commanded by Lord Vishnu. The places where the five pieces of Shivalingam fell where the Pancharama Kshetras are built. The Pancharama Kshetras are:
- Amareswara Swamy Temple, Amararama
- Bhimeswara Temple, Draksharamam
- Someswara Temple, Somarama
- Ksheera Ramalingeswara Swamy Temple, Ksheerarama
- Sri Kumararama Bhimeswara Swamy Temple, Kumararama
Amararama Temple is situated in the town of Amaravati, Guntur, state of Andhra Pradesh. The presiding deity of Amararama temple is Lord Amareswara Swamy also called as Lord Amaralingeswara Swamy, in the form of a Shivalingam. The temple is considered to be an important and very sacred as it is located on the southern bank of holy Krishna River.
Draksharama Temple is located at the town of Draksharamam also called as Dakshina Kasi, East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Shiva, who is called by the name Lord Bhimeswara Swamy, found in the form of a Shivalingam. The sacred Shivalingam stands at a height of 10 feet in the sanctum sanctorum of the temple.
Somarama Temple also called as Bhimavaram and Someswara temple is located at Bhimavaram, West Godavari, state of Andhra Pradesh. The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Someswara (Lord Shiva) in the form of sacred Shivalingam. One of the most special feature of this temple is that the color of the Shivalingam will change its color regarding the lunar aspects, the shape of the illuminated (sunlit) portion of the Moon.
Ksheerarama Temple is located in Palakollu, West Godavari district, state of Andhra Pradesh. And there is a river Gostani flows through the region of Palakollu. Ksheerarama temple is considered to be the most sacred temple that staying one day in this temple is considered to be equivalent to staying one year in Varanasi (Kasi). The presiding deity of Ksheerarama temple is Lord Shiva, who is worshipped by the name Ksheera Ramalingeswara Swamy, found in the form of a Shivalingam, which is also called as Kshiralingam.
Kumararama temple also called as Bhimarama temple is situated in Samarlakota in the district of East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh. The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Kumara Bhimeswara Swamy (Lord Shiva) in the form of a big Shivalingam. The temple has a special Nandi, the mount of Lord Shiva called as Ekasila Nandi, which is made out from a single stone.