An image of Ram Janmabhoomi Temple of Ayodhya
An image of Ram Janmabhoomi Temple of Ayodhya

Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya of Uttar Pradesh is considered as a sacred place where Lord Rama (the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu) was believed to be born and also revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam temples, dedicated to Lord Vishnu. According to Ramayana, a Sanskrit epic which plays a very important role in Hindu literature, the birth place of Lord Rama is on the banks of Sarayu River in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. The epic Ramayana describes the journey of Lord Rama. And it is believed that there existed a temple in the ancient period.

In 1528, the Babri Mosque was constructed on the site by the Mughal general Mir Baqi, in honor of the Mughal emperor Babur, the first Mughal emperor. And the place became the worship place for Muslims. It was said that the mosque has been built after the alleged destruction of Ram temple at the site. This leaded to the religious violence to the site. As a result, the British colonial administration ordered to provide a small portion of the outer courtyard of the mosque to perform religious ceremonies of Hindus.

The land on which the mosque was constructed was then worn by the semi-governmental Waqf Board, an Indian Muslim trust. The religious affairs continued till 1949, when the Hindu Mahasabha, a Hindu nationalist political party in India, profaned the mosque by placing the idols of Lord Rama inside the mosque and professed that the idols had miraculously emerged inside the mosque. After this event the mosque has been closed.

In December 1992 the mosque was completely destroyed by well improvised tools, which created a rampage across the country with thousands and thousands of Muslims involved in violence. The BJP emancipated its election manifesto, general elections to the 15th Lok Sabha in five phases between 16 April 2009 and 13 May 2009. With an electorate of 714 million, promising that they would construct a Rama temple at that location.

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