Rameswaram Ramanathaswamy Temple is situated in the Island of Rameswaram, Tamilnadu State, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva and also one of the twelve Jyotirlinga Temples. The 12 Jyotirlinga Temples are:
- Somnath Temple
- Mallikarjun Temple
- Mahakaleshwara Temple
- Omkareshwar Temple
- Vaidyanath Temple
- Bhimashankar Temple
- Rameswaram Temple
- Nageshwar Temple
- Vishwanath Temple
- Trimbakeshwar Temple
- Kedarnath Temple
- Grishneshwar Temple
Rameswaram Temple was built early in the 17th Century.It is closely situated to the eastern side of the Island. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva and believed to be one of the holiest temples in India. Rameswaram is related closely with the Ramayana, one of the two great epics of Hinduism. According to the classic Puranas, after defeating the demon king Ravana, who is the son of Vishrava and the great grandson of Lord Brahma, Lord Rama returned with His Goddess Sita stepping first on Rameswaram.
To be free from the sin of killing Ravana, Lord Rama wished to offer worship to Lord Shiva and so He sent Lord Hanuman to bring Shiva Lingam from the mountain of Kailash. As Lord Hanuman could not return in time, Goddess Sita made a lingam out of sand which is referred to as Ramalingam. Lord Rama established the Shiva lingam which is made out of sand by the Goddess Sita and started His worship.
The other lingam which is bought by Lord Hanuman from the Kailash Mountain is referred to as Visvalingam also called as Kasilingam and Hanumalingam. To comfort Lord Hanuman, Lord Rama instructed Visvalingam should be worshipped first as it was bought by Lord Hanuman from Kailash.
Rameswaram Temple comprises Shiva Lingam which is said to be the main deity. The other deities of this temple are Lord Sethumadhava, Goddess Lakshmi, and Lord Hanuman. Rameswaram Temple is considered as honored pilgrimage center held on par with ‘Kaashi’ and also a holy pilgrimage site for both the Shaivites and Vaishnavites. This temple has the longest corridor with pillars among all Hindu temples in India.
Rameswaram Temple is one of the 12 Jyotir Linga Temples of India (where Lord Shiva is worshipped in the form of Jyotir Lingam). This temple is regarded as the eighth of the Tevera Stalams in the Pandya region of Tamilnadu. There is a hill on the island named Gandamadana Parvatam, contains a shrine which bears foot prints of Lord Rama. Rameswaram Temple contains 36 Theerthams (water springs) and these theerthams are said to hold medicinal properties.
- Palliyarai Deepa Arathana – 5:00 A.M
- Spadigalinga Deepa Arathana -5:10 A.M
- Thiruvananthal Deepa Arathana – 5:45 A.M
- Vila Pooja – 7:00 A.M
- Kalasanthi Pooja -10:00 A.M
- Uchikala Pooja -12:00 Noon
- Sayaratcha Pooja – 6:00 P.M
- Arthajama Pooja – 8.30 P.M
- Palliyarai Pooja – 8:45 P.M
- Mahasivarathri – February and March (celebrated for 10 days)
- Vasanthotsavam – May to June (celebrated for 10 days)
- Ramalinga Prathishtai – May to June (celebrated for 3 days)
- Thirukkalyanam – July to August (celebrated for 17 days)
- Navarathri Festival Dasara – September to October (celebrated for 10 days)
- Kandha Sashti – October to November (celebrated for 6 days)
- Aarudhira Dharshna – December to January (celebrated for 10 days)
The city is well connected to Madurai, Kanyakumari, Chennai and Trichy. It is also connected to Pondicherry and Thanjavur via Madurai.
Rameshwaram is connected by rail with Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, Trichy, Thanjavur and other important cities. The two kilometers stretch of Indira Gandhi Bridge connects the island of Rameshwaram to the mainland of Mandapan.
The nearest airport is at Madurai, 163 km from Rameshwaram. It is connected to major cities with different airlines.
- Dhanushkodi Temple
- Hanuman Temple
- Saatchi Hanuman Temple
- Jatayu Tirtham Temple
- Sugreevar Temple
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