Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is situated in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala, built in the nature of Dravidian style. This temple is one of the 108 Divya Desams (108 holy adobes of Lord Vishnu). It is said that the ‘Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple’ was in existence from the sangam period between 500 BC and 300 AD. The Maharaja (the King) of Travancore hold up the title Sree Padmanabhadasa (Servant of Lord Padmanabha). The Travancore is ruled by the Chera kings, the successors of the saint Kulashekara Alwar. It is said that the king Marthanda Varma did the major renovation to the temple which takes the present structure of this Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple.
This temple was under the care of the Travancore family and now it came under the control of the Supreme Court. The temple is located very close to the holy tank called Padma Theertham which refers to lotus spring. The sanctum sanctorum of this temple is of 18 feet long which can be viewed through three different doors. The temple consists of three mandapams namely Bali Peeda Mandapam, Mukha Mandapam which contains the sculptures of various deities and Navagraha Mandapam which contains the navagrahas (the nine planets).
The main deity of this Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is Lord Anantha Padmanabhaswamy (Lord Vishnu), who is in the posture of Anantha Sayanam, the eternal sleep on serpent Anantha, which has 12008 salagramams, which are from the Gandaki River, Nepal. The serpent consist of five hoods in the inward direction, which represents Panchabhootas (five elements) and this serpent is also known as Adi Sesha. Right hand of Lord Sree Padmanabhaswamy is placed over a Shiva lingam and Lord Brahma appear as a Lotus emerged from the belly button of Lord Sree Padmanabhaswamy.
The two consorts of Lord Vishnu, Goddess Bhoodevi (the Goddess of Earth) and Goddess Sridevi (the Goddess of Prosperity) are present on both the sides of Lord Anantha Padmanabhaswamy. This temple is one of the 108 Divya Desams (108 holy adobes of Lord Vishnu). Many areas of Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple are embellished with the images of Lord Shiva. This temple is one of the wealthiest temple in the world where its estimate value is nearly INR 1.2 trillion ($ 22.68 billion dollars). The other important deities of this temple are:
- Lord Ugra Narasimha
- Lord Krishna Swami
- Lord Rama and Goddess Sita
- Lord Lakshmana
- Lord Hanuman
- Lord Vishwaksena (the remover of obstacles)
- Lord Kshetrapala (the guard of the temple)
- Lord Vyasa Ganapathi
- Lord Thiruvambadi Sreekrishnaswamy
- Lord Dharma Sasta
- Nirmalyam to Uchapooja – 3.30 am to 12.00 pm
- Nirmalyam to Pantheeradi Pooja – 3.30 am to 6.00 am
- Nirmalyam to Ushapooja – 3.30am to 5.30am
- Nirmalyam to Deeparadhana – 3.30am to 4.45am
- Kalabham – 8th to 14th January
- Painguni Uthsavam – March to April
- Vishu – 14th April
- Kalabham – 11th to 16th July
- Niraputhari – July to August
- Thiruonam – Onavillucharth (Onavillu) August to September
- Vinayaka Chaturthi – August to September
- Sree Krishna Jayanti – August to September
- Valiya Ganapathi Homam – September to October
- Navaratri – September to October
- Aippashi Uthsavam – October to November
- Swargavathil Ekadasi – December.
Thiruvananthapuram City Bus Station at East Fort is the nearest bus station to reach the temple. The City Bus Station is just a walking distance from the temple. Thiruvananthapuram Central Bus Station, situated opposite to the railway station, is just a kilometer away from the temple.
Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) Central Railway Station is the nearest railway station, just 1 km away from Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple. Trivandrum Central Railway Station is one of the major railway stations in Kerala, managed by Southern Railways. Himsagar Express (Kanyakumari – Kashmir), Rajdhani Express, Howrah Express, Sabari Express (Trivandrum – Hyderabad), and Guruvayur Express (Chennai – Guruvayoor) are some of the major trains passing through Trivandrum Railway Station.
Trivandrum International Airport is the nearest airport to reach Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple. The airport is just 7 km from the temple.
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