Sri Kola Valvil Ramar Temple, also known as ‘Thiruvelliyangudi Perumal Temple’ is situated in Thiruvelliyangudi near Kumbakonam, Tanjore district, Tamilnadu. This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples. Sri Kola Valvil Ramar Temple is said to be built by Chola dynasties and was contributed mostly by Vijayanagar Kings. This temple is built in a Dravidian style of architecture and the walls of the temple are surrounded by granite. Sri Kola Valvil Ramar Temple has a three-tiered Rajagopuram (gateway tower) and with a small Prakaram (outer courtyard).
Sri Kola Valvil Ramar Temple is said to be in existence from the very first Yuga, which is Satya Yuga. The four Yugas (a Hindu Philosophy which explains the era within a four age cycle) mentioned are:
- Satya Yuga, where the average human lifespan was 100,000 years.
- Treta Yuga, where the average human lifespan was 10,000 years.
- Dvapara Yuga, where the average human lifespan was 1000 years.
- Kali Yuga, average human lifespan was 100 years.
It is said that in various Yugas, various legends has been worshipped and performed severe penance in this temple. It is also said that Lord Vishnu appeared here in marriage posture and blessed Parasarar, Markendeyar, Mayan, Brahma, Sukran and Bhudevi.
The presiding deity of this Kola Valvil Ramar Temple is ‘Lord Kola Valvill Ramar’ (Lord Vishnu) and there is a separate shrine for Goddess Maragadha Valli Thaayar (Goddess Lakshmi), the consort of Lord Kola Valvill Ramar. As the idol of Lord Kola Valvill Ramar sparkles with beauty, this temple is called as Vaishnava Sukra Kshetram. The other deities found in this temple are Lord Ramanuja, Saints Azhwars, Goddess Andal and Garuda, the vehicle of Lord Vishnu.
This is the only temple where Garuda, the vehicle of Lord Vishnu found holding the conch and Chakra (wheel) of Lord Vishnu. The Pushkarani (temple tank) of Sri Kola Valvil Ramar Temple are Sukra, Brahma, Indra, and Parasara. Sri Kola Valvil Ramar Temple is glorified in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the great canon and the hymns were sung by Thirumangai Azhwar. The Vimanam (temple tower) of Sri Kola Valvil Ramar Temple is called as Pushkala Varthaga Vimanam.
- Ushathkalam Pooja – 7 a.m.
- Kalasanthi Pooja – 8:00 a.m.
- Uchikalam Pooja – 12:00 p.m.
- Sayarakshai Pooja – 6:00 p.m.
- Irandamkalam Pooja – 7:00 p.m.
- Ardha Jamam Pooja – 10:00 p.m.
- Marghazhi Thiruvaadhirai – December or January
- Chaturdasi of Masi – February or March
- Chittirai Thiruvonam – April or May
- Aani Thirumanjanam – June or July
- Chaturdasi of Aavani – August or September
- Chaturdasi of Puratasi – October or November
There are regular government and private bus services to Chennai, Thanjavur, Mannargudi, Tiruchirapalli, Chidambaram, Nagapattinam, Coimbatore, Madurai, Pondicherry, and Tirunelveli. The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) operates daily services from Bangalore and Mysore to Kumbakonam and other major places.
Kumbakonam is connected by rail with most important towns and cities in South India. The Mysore- Mayiladuthurai Express connects Kumbakonam with Mysore and Bangalore. There are regular express trains that connect Kumbakonam with all major cities.
The nearest international airport is at Tiruchirapalli, which is 91 km (57 mi) from Kumbakonam.
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