Mayuranathaswami-Temple-in-Mayiladuthurai-Nagapattinam
Mayuranathaswami-Temple-in-Mayiladuthurai-Nagapattinam

Mayuranathaswami Temple, Mayiladuthurai Mayuranathar Temple in the town of Nagapattinam District in Tamil Nadu. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu Lord Shiva. The temple is situated on the banks of River Cauvery. The temple is praised by saints Ganasambandar and Tirunavukkarasar in their Thevaram hymns and by Arunagiriar in Tirupugazh. The main idol of this temple is a lingam, and the presiding deity is Mayuranathar. The Hindu goddess Parvathi worshipped Lord Shiva in this temple, in the form of a mayura, or a peacock.One of the sculptures in the temple represent Shiva embracing Goddess Parvathi. According to legend stories, the goddess Parvathi, the consort of Shiva, once offended him. Shiva was so annoyed he cursed Parvathi to be born as a lowly peahen. Later, when Parvathi repented, Shiva reduced this sentence.  Parvathi had to pray first at Mylapore and then at Mayiladuthurai, at the end of which she was ridden of her curse and became known as “Abhayambal”.It is believed that Brahma, Lakshmi, sage Agastya, Manmatha, birds and animals worshipped Mayuranathar.

This temple is one among six others that are considered as equal to the temple in Varanaasi. The other 5 Shivasthalams are Tiruvenkaadu, Chaayaavanam, Tiruvaiyaru, Tiruvanchiam and Tiruvidaimarudur.Spread over 350000 sq feet,This temple is well maintained with a beautiful tank, several gopurams and mandapams in MayiladuturaiThis temple has walls in all four sides, and main tower is located in the east direction. The main tower has 9 stages and the inner tower has 3 stages.  If we enter through the main tower, on the left side is the pond and on the right side is the temple’s management office.Shiva’s consort is known by the names Abhayapradhambikai, Abhayambikai, Anjalanayaki and Anjalai. There are three smaller shrines to the Hindu god Ganesha and another to Shiva as Nataraja or “Lord of Dance”. Lord Nataraja graces from a separate shrine. The first puja in the evening is dedicated to Lord Nataraja. Mayilamman shrine is opposite to Nataraja shrine where both Lord and Mother Grace in the form of a peacock. Two peacocks and two monkeys are depicted in the banyan tree above the Lord Dakshinamurthy sculpture in the goshta wall. There is also a Nandhi.

Tula Snanam

Inside the Mayuranathaswamy Temple- Nagapattinam
Inside the Mayuranathaswamy Temple- Nagapattinam

It is said that Lord Shiva blessed Nandhi by destroying its pride. This Nandi is in the midst of Cauvery.  People take their holy bath in the river during the Aipasi month (October-November) and the first day of following Karthikai month.

There are five prakaras in the temple. Juradeva is by the side of the feet of Lord Nataraja. Mother Durga graces with demon Mahisha at Her feet and also with two demons on both sides.  This is also said to be a rare form of Durga.  Chandikeswara and Tejas Chandikeswara are in the same shrine.  Lord Mahavishnu worshipping Lord Shiva is in a separate shrine. Mothers Ashta Lakshmis and Sattainahar are in the prakara. There is also a shrine for Kudhambai Chithar who attained salvation here. People pray to Kanakkadi Vinayaka to take care of their accounts. Kanakku-account.

History

A distant view of Mayuranathaswami Temple-Nagapatinam
A distant view of Mayuranathaswami Temple-Nagapatinam

According to mythology that Dakshayani (Parvati) took a peacock after his father’s Daksha Yagnam and worshipped Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva took a peacock form, performed and Gowri Taandavam (Dance of Gori / Parvati) and united with her.Mayuranathar is believed to have put down the floods in River Cauvery to make way for the poet-saint Sambandar. Four of the Vallalar shrines in the area are said to be manifestations of Mayuranathar. Interestingly, the Tiruppariyalur veerattam where the Daksha Yagnam and is believed to have been performedis located 8 km from the temple.

Sri Mayuranathar Temple, Mayiladuthurai was renovated in the 10th century by the Chola Sembiyan Mahadevi. Sadly, renovations done in the 19th century have destroyed old buildings and inscriptions. The highlights fine carving stone of Lord Vinayaka (Ganesha), Lord Nataraja(God of Dance) Shiva-Uma-Alinganamurthy, Dakshmamurthy, Lingodhbhavar, Brahma, Ganga Vishjanamurthi, Durga and Bikshatanar from the period of sembiyan mahadevi are well preserved in the respective niches. The inscriptions founded by the Aavayambal (Anjalnayaki) shrine, (goddess Parvathi, consort of Shiva) was installed during the period of Rajaraja Chola III (13th century CE). It is presumed that until then, there must have been a Bhogasakthi bronze image in the sanctum of Mayuranathar. Kulothunga Chola I (1075-1120 CE) was practice until the individual goddess temples were introduced during the rule.

Opening Time

Morning 5.30 a.m. to 12.00 a.m.

Evening 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.

Festival

  • Brahmotsavam(March – April) – The annual festival Brahmotsavam is observed in the Tamil month of Vaikasi.
  • Thulaa Festival is celebrated in October-November. Thousands of pilgrims come here duringthe Thulaa festival in Ipasi.
  • Procession to River Cauvery(October – November) – The Mayuranathar temple has a daily procession of the Utsavar to the banks of the Cauvery throughout the monsoon month of Libra/Aypasi.
By Bus

Mayiladuthurai is well connected by road. The temple is situated on the Chidambaram – Thanjavur highway. Mayiladuthurai is 32 km from Kumbakonam and 65 km from Thanjavur.


By Train

Nearest railway station is mayiladuthurai juction. Mayiladuthurai Junction railway station is located on the Main line connecting the state capital Chennai with Thanjavur.


 By Air

The nearest international airport is the Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located 130 km from Mayiladuthurai.

  • Vallalar Temple
  • Padithurai Viswanathar Temple
  • Sri Parimala Ranganathar Temple Divyadesam
  • Punukeeswarar Temple
  • Thirupariyallur veerattam

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