A view inside the Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal Temple (Thiruvanvandoor) complex
A view inside the Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal Temple (Thiruvanvandoor) complex

Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal Temple also called as ‘Thiruvanvandoor Mahavishnu Temple’, situated in Thiruvanvandoor, Alappuzha District of Kerala and also revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam temples, dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal temple is glorified in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, a Vaishnava canon, and mangalaasan (devotional songs) were sang by the azhwar saint Nammazhwar. As the temple is located near the famous River Pamba, the temple is named as Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal Temple.

Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal temple is considered as one of the five ancient temples in Chengannur, Kerala and one of the temples which is connected with the legends of Mahabharata, one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India. And these five temples are believed to be built by the Pancha Pandavas (five princes), the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, who ruled Hastinapura (a town and a nagar panchayat in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh). The five temples built by the Pancha Pandavas are:

  1. Thrichittatt Maha Vishnu Temple by Yudishtira
  2. Puliyur Mahavishnu Temple by Bheema
  3. Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple by Arjuna
  4. Thiruvanvandoor Mahavishnu Temple by Nakula
  5. Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu Temple by Sahadeva

Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal temple is believed to be built as a dedication towards Lord Krishna, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, as it is related to the epic Mahabharata. The legend say that the Pancha Pandavas after enthroning Parikshit, a kuru king who reigned during the Middle Vedic period (12th or 11th century BCE), as a king of Hastinapura, the Pancha Pandavas started a pilgrimage. And on arriving on the banks of Pamba River, it is said that each of them installed an image of Lord Krishna.

It is believed that Paambanaiyappa Perumal temple is built by Nakula, the fourth of the Pancha Pandavas. Nakula was known to be the most handsome person in the Kuru Kingdom (the present states of Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand and western part of Uttar Pradesh). The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Pambanaiappan (Vishnu), found in a standing posture facing towards the west direction. The temple has a two storeyed Gopuram (monumental tower), and is built in a Kerala style of architecture.

Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal Temple contains Dwajasthambam (flag post), Dwarapalakas (gate keepers), Namaskara Mandapa, Thevrapura (the kitchen), Deepastamba (light post) etc. The roofs of the temple are depicted with various stories of Ramayana and Mahabharatha, the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India.

Pooja Timings

The temple remains open from morning 4.00 AM to 11.00 AM and in the evening from 5.00 PM to 8.00 PM.


  • Annual Festival – January/February
  • Chithirai Tiruvonam – April/May
  • Janmaashtami – September
  • Vaikunda Ekadasi – December/January
  • Thiruvaimozhi Festival – December/January
By Road

National Highway NH 47 passes through the city connecting the city to other major cities like Coimbatore, Ernakulum, Trissur, Kollam, Trivandrum etc. The state run KSRTC buses connecting the city from all other major cities.

By Train

The nearest railway station to reach Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal temple is Chengannur railway station.

By Air

The nearest airport to reach Sri Paambanaiyappa Perumal temple is Calicut International Airport.

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