Sri Paramapurusha Perumal Temple also called as ‘Narsingh Mandir’, located in the city of Joshimath, Chamoli District of Uttarakhand. This temple is revered as one of the 108 Divya Desam temples, dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also named as ‘Thiruppirudhi’. Sri Paramapurusha Perumal Temple is located at a height of about 6150 feet, which acts as a gateway to numerous mountain climbing expeditions. Sri Paramapurusha Perumal temple is glorified in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, a Vaishnava canon, and mangalaasan (devotional songs) was sang by the twelve azhwar saints.
The temple is considered as one of the four cardinal maths or seats of learning founded by Adi Shankara in 8th Century CE. The four maths are:
- The Dakshina Moolamnaya math (main math) at Sringeri Sharada Peetham in Shringeri, Karnataka.
- The Uttaramnaya math (northern math) at Jyotir Math in the city of Joshimath, Uttarakhand.
- The Purvamnaya math (eastern math), also called as Govardhana math at Puri, Odisha.
- The Paschimamnaya math (western math), also called as Dvaraka Pitha at Dwarka, Gujarat.
The four cardinal maths’s heads are believed to be titled ‘Shankaracharya’. And according to the historical tradition introduced by Adi Shankara, Sri Paramapurusha Perumal temple leads in Atharvaveda, a sacred text of Hinduism and one of the four Vedas, it is the ‘fourth Veda’, where Adharvan means a ‘sage’ and Veda means ‘knowledge’.
The presiding deity of this Sri Paramapurusha Perumal Temple is Paramapurusha Perumal (Lord Vishnu), found in a reclining posture. The idol of the presiding deity was believed to be installed by Adi Shankara. And the goddess of the temple is Parimala Valli Thayaar. Adi Shankara was a philosopher and theologian from India who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta, an ancient Hindu tradition of scriptural exegesis. ‘Advaita’ refers to the recognition that the true Self, Atma (soul), is the same as the highest Reality, Brahman (the Ultimate Reality in the Universe).
The Theerthams (temple tanks) of this Sri Paramapurusha Perumal Temple are Maanasaras Theertham, Govardhana Theertham and Indira Theertham. And the Vimanam (the tower above the sanctum sanctorum) of this Sri Paramapurusha Perumal Temple is called Govardhana Vimanam.
Sri Paramapurusha Perumal Temple remains open from morning 6.00 AM to 11.00 AM and in the evening from 3.00 PM to 7.00 PM.
- Rama Navami – March/April
- Krishna Jayanthi – August/September
Sri Paramapurusha Perumal temple lies on national highway NH58 that connects Delhi with Badrinath and Mana Pass in Uttarakhand near Indo-Tibet border. Regular buses operate from Rishikesh bus station to the temple. The road distance from Rishikesh to the temple is 251 km via Rudraprayag and Chamoli.
The nearest railway station to reach the temple is at Rishikesh, which has a small railway terminal. The Haridwar railway junction, 24 km farther from Rishikesh, has train connections to most of the major cities in India.
The nearest airport to reach the Sri Paramapurusha Perumal temple is the Jolly Grant Airport near Dehradun, which is 293 km away.
- Badrinath temple, Badrinath
- Gopinath Mandir, Chamoli Gopeshwar
- Kalpeshwar Temple
- Rudranath Temple
- Nanda Devi Temple, Nauti, Chamoli
- Tungnath Temple