Sri Senganmaal Ranganatha Perumal Temple, also known as ‘Sri Pallikonda Ranganatha Perumal Koil’ is situated in Thirunangur, Sirkazhi, Nagapatnam district of Tamilnadu. Senganmaal Ranganatha Perumal Temple is one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples, which are dedicated to Lord Vishnu. This temple is also called as ‘Thiru Thetri Ambalam’ (Ambalam refers to temple) dedicated to Lord Vishnu, who is worshipped as ‘Lord Palli Konda Perumal’.
The mythology says that Lord Shiva had a dance of destruction (Rudra Tandava) carrying half burnt body of Goddess Sati after Goddess Sati’s self-immolation. To stop the dance of destruction performed by Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu threw His Chakra (Sudharshan Chakra) on Goddess Sati’s body which dismembered Her body into 52 parts. And it is said that each time the hair of Lord Shiva touches the earth, there appeared eleven other forms of Lord Shiva.
Lord Vishnu appeared in eleven forms as Lord Shiva did and solaced Lord Shiva saying that His dance of destruction may result in the destruction of entire creations on the world. The eleven forms of Lord Vishnu which appeared at Thirunangur is said to be where the eleven temples of Lord Vishnu are situated. Hence, the eleven temples at Thirunangur are very closely associated to each other in one way or the other.
The another legend says that the story is associated to the great epic ‘Mahabharatham’, where the legend Arjuna, one of the five Pandava Brothers, was thirsty and was in search of water. He was unable to find water in the place around and was advised by the sage Lord Agastyar who was doing penance there, to worship Lord Krishna. As said by the sage Lord Agastyar, the legend Arjuna worshipped Lord Krishna and as a result Lord Krishna is said to offer him a sword.
When Arjuna dig the ground with the sword, water rushed out resulting in a temple tank in that place called Katka Pushkarani. And it is also said that Lord Krishna appeared in the form of Lord Parthasarathy and initiated knowledge to Arjuna to make him understand the glory of ‘Lord Krishna’. This legend is leading to the name of this temple as ‘Thiru Thetri Ambalam’ (Thetri refers to ‘Initiate’ and Ambalam refers to ‘Temple’).
The presiding deity of this Senganmaal Ranganatha Perumal Temple is Lord Senkanmaal Ranganatha Perumal (Lord Vishnu) also called as Lord Palli Konda Perumal, with four hands facing the east direction and Goddess Sengamalavalli (Goddess Lakshmi) has a separate shrine in this temple. Sri Senganmaal Ranganatha Perumal Temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham and unlike the other temples revered by Thirumangai azhwar, this temple is revered by the other Azhwars.
The poetry or mantra which are dedicated to each of the eleven temples by the legends are chanted in the respective temples even today. During the ‘Garudasevai Festival’ which is celebrated on the month of January, the festival deities of all the eleven temples associated to Lord Vishnu at Thirunangur are brought on Garuda Vahanam (the vehicle of Lord Vishnu). The Vimanam (temple tower) of Sri Senganmaal Ranganatha Perumal Temple is called as Vedha Vimanam. The Theertham or Pushkarani (Temple Tank) of Sri Senganmaal Ranganatha Perumal Temple is called Surya Theertham.
- Ushathkalam Pooja – 8 a.m.
- Kalasanthi Pooja – 10:00 a.m.
- Sayarakshai Pooja – 5:00 p.m.
- Ardha Jamam Pooja – 7:00 p.m.
- Thirumangai Azhwar Mangalasasana Utsavam and Garudasevai – January or February
- Vaikasi Brahmmotsavam – May or June
- Theerthavari festival – July or august
Extensive network of roads connect it to Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Pondicherry, Thanjavur and all other major cities. Nagapattinam is located at a distance of about 330kms from Chennai by Road.
Nagapattinam railway junction connects Thiruvarur in the west, Nagore in the north, Velankanni in the south and Karaikal in the east. There is a daily express train to Chennai via Mayiladuthurai and Ernakulam via Coimbatore and it connects all major cities.
The nearest Airport is Tiruchirapalli Airport, located 145 km (90 miles) away from the town.
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