A view behind the Thrikkakara Appan Perumal Temple (Thrikkakkara Vamana Temple)

Sri Thrikkakara Appan Perumal Temple, also named as ‘Thrikkakkara Vamana Temple’ is located at Thrikkakara, Ernakulum district of Kerala, dedicated to ‘Lord Vamana’, one of the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. This temple is one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples, which are dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also named as ‘Thirukkakarai’. Sri Thrikkakara Appan Perumal Temple is formally called as ‘Thrikkakara Vamana Moorthy Temple’.

The legend says that the authority of Lord Indra, the lord of heaven was taken by the demon King Mahabali. The demon king Mahabali with his severe penance won the praise of the world and he considered himself as the all-powerful in the whole world and heaven. And it is said that Lord Vishnu took Vamana Avatar, the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, to restore the authority of Lord Indra. In Vamana avatar, Lord Vishnu is called as ‘Thrivikraman’. And it is said that Lord Vamana gave the king Mahabali immortality for his modesty. Lord Vamana is also associated with the Ulagalantha Perumal Temple at ‘Kanchipuram’ and Ulagalantha Perumal Temple at ‘Tirukoyilur’.

Specialty

The presiding deity of this Sri Thrikkakara Appan Perumal Temple is Lord Vamana (Lord Vishnu) also called as ‘Lord Thrikkakara Appan’. Thrikkakara Appan Perumal Temple has been respected in various historic epics and many hymns were sung by the great azhwar saint Nammazhwar. The other deities of this temple are Sree Bhagavathi, Sastha, Gopalakrishna, Nagam, Rakshass and Yakshi.

Sri Thrikkakara Appan Perumal Temple houses a Shivalingam, located to the north of the Vamana shrine, which is said to be worshipped by the king Mahabali himself. Near the temple of Vamana, there is a Lord Shiva temple which is visited first by the devotees before visiting the Thrikkakara Appan Perumal Temple. And during the Onam festival, the presiding deity of Lord Shiva temple is also worshiped with equal rites and rituals. The holy theertham (temple tank) Thrikkakara Appan Perumal temple is called as Kapila theertham.

Poojas

  • Usha Pooja
  • Ethrutha Pooja
  • Pantheerady Pooja
  • Ucha pooja
  • Athazhapooja
  • Three Sheevelis
  • Ethrutha Sheeveli
  • Ucha Sheeveli and
  • Athazha Sheeveli

Festival

Onam Festival – August or September

Onam festival is a state festival of Kerala and it marks the commemoration of Vamana Avatar of Lord Vishnu and the subsequent homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali who Malayalees consider as their King. Onam festival is celebrated with most number of cultural elements such as Vallam Kali, Pulikali, Pookkalam, Onathappan, Thumbi Thullal, Onavillu, Kazhchakkula, Onapottan, Atthachamayam etc. Onam is reminiscent of Kerala’s agrarian past, as it is considered to be a harvest festival and this temple is considered to be the Centre of Onam celebrations over the world, as Thrikkakara is considered to have been the abode of the King Mahabali.

During the Onam celebration period, a pyramidal statue symbolizing Lord Vamana is installed as a symbol of honour at all other sites of the celebration, where the deity is named Onathappan or Thrikkakara Appan. It is celebrated for 10 days at this temple, and during those 10 days, the temple showcases performances in several cultural arts such as Chakyar Koothu, Ottamthullal, Kathakali and Patakam [9] as well as dance and musical performances such as Panchavadyam and Thayambaka. A main highlight of the festival is the grand banquet, or Sadya, held on the last two days of the festival at the temple campus.

On each day, the idol is decorated in the form of one of the Ten Avatars of Lord Vishnu, including the Matsya (fish), Kurma (Tortoise), Varaha (boar), Narasimha (half-man half-lion), Vamana, Parashurama, Rama, Balarama, Krishna, Kalki and Trivikrama (another form of Vamana). The Pakalpooram and Seeveli, a grand processions, involves leading the main deity Vamana on a ceremonial elephant around the temple campus, along with a group of about eight caparisoned elephants and accompanying Panchavadyam during the 9th day of celebration.

By Road

Ernakulam is connected to the North-South Corridor National Highway System via the four-laned National Highway 47, provides access to the nearby cities such of Thrissur, Palakkad and Coimbatore. NH 47 provides two main exit points at Edapally and Vytilla to the Ernakulam city.


By Train

The nearest railway station is Ernakulam Junction Railway Station which serves with trains for major cities and there is also a small railway station at Edappally.


By Air

The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport (Nedumbassery), which is about 27 kilometers away from the city. Direct domestic flights are available to major cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and Kolkata and International flights to Middle East cities like Bahrain, Muscat, Sharjah, Jeddah, Riyadh, Doha and to Southeast Asian cities Singapore and Kuala Lumpur are available here.

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