Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple, named as ‘Thiru Kacchi’ is located at the temple city Kanchipuram of Tamilnadu, dedicated to Lord Vishnu and also one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples. Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple is also called by the names Perumal Koil, Hastagiri, Attiyuran, Thiru Kacchi, Aththigiri Kovil and Vezhamalai. This temple is believed to be built by the Pallava King Nandivarman II.
Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple is considered as the most sacred place for Vaishnavites, the followers of the Lord Vishnu, lead a way of life promoting monotheism, which gives importance to Lord Vishnu and His ten avatars. This temple is a great example of excellent architectural skills of ancient Vishwakarma Sthapathis. And it is considered as a masterpiece of Vijayanagara architecture. Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple has a seven-tiered Rajagopuram (temple tower) stands at a height of 130 feet. This temple also houses 32 shrines in its complex, 19 Vimanams (the tower above the sanctum sanctorum), and 389 Pillared Halls (with Yali sculptures). Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple contains of three Prakarams (precincts) namely:
- Azhwar Prakaram
- Madai Palli Prakaram
- Thiru Malai Prakaram
The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Varadharaja Perumal (Lord Vishnu) and the Goddess of this temple is ‘Perundevi Thayaar’ (Goddess Lakshmi). The other deities of this temple is Lord Perarullalan, Lord Devaperumal, Goddess Sri Perundevi, Goddess Barghavi etc. It is believed that Ramanuja, a Hindu theologian, philosopher, and scriptural exegete have resided at this temple. Varadharaja Perumal Temple, along with Ekambareswarar Temple and Kamakshi Amman Temple are popularly called as ‘Mumurtivasam’, abode of trio (Three main Gods).
The special feature of this Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple is that the temple contains the very big stone chain, sculptured in a single stone. The hundred pillared hall of this temple contains special sculptures depicting the great Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabaratha. The Vimanam (tower above the sanctum sanctorum) over the main shrine of Lord Varadharaja Perumal temple is called as Punyakoti Vimanam and the Vimanam over the shrine of Goddess Perundevi Thayaar is called as Kalyana Koti Vimanam.
There is a wooden idol of Lord Varadharaja Perumal which is preserved within a silver box, from which water is pumped out every 40 years. There is special shrine of Lord Narasimha, which is located on the hillock, which is believed to possess unfathomable powers. Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple houses the shrine of Goddess Malayala Nachiar (Kerala consort), which is said to be built in the 14th century by Chera Kings. This temple contains a special form of Lord Sudarsana (Lord Chakrathazhwar), depicted with six hands and it also contains seven different images of Lord Sudarsana.
- Thirumanjanam – 6.00 a.m.
- Thiruvaradhanam – 6.30 a.m.
- Nivedanam – 10.00 a.m.
- Temple closed – 12.30 – 3.30 p.m.
- Sarva Dharshan – 3.30 p.m.
- Nivedanam – 6.00 p.m.
- Thiruvaradanam – 7.00 p.m.
- Manna Senai Theermanam – 8.00 p.m.
- Chitra Pournami – April or May
- Brahmotsavam – May or June
- Gajendra Moksham – July or August
- Sri Jeyanthi Festival – August or September
- Navarathri Festival – September or October
- Diwali Festival – October or November
- Vaikunda Ekadesi – December or January
Kanchipuram is most easily accessible by road. The Chennai – Bangalore National Highway, NH 4 passes the outskirts of the city. Regular bus services are provided by the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation to and from Chennai, Bangalore, Villupuram, Tirupathi, Thiruthani, Thiruvannamalai, Vellore, Salem, Coimbatore and Pondicherry.
The nearest railway station is Kanchipuram railway station. Trains for Kanchipuram are available from Chennai, Chengalpattu, Tirupathi, and Bangalore.
The nearest domestic as well as international airport is Chennai International Airport, located at a distance of 72 km from the city.
- Kanchi Kamakshi Temple
- Ekambaranathar Temple
- Kailasanathar Temple
- Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham
- Siva Kanchi Temple
- Muktheeswarar Temple
- Sri AdhikesavaPerumal Temple
- Sri AdiVaraha Swami Temple
- Sri Ulagalantha Swami Temple
- Sri Vaikunta Perumal Temple
- Jain Temple
- Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal Temple