Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple, also named as ‘Thirumanikkoodam’ is located at Thirunangur, Nagapatnam district of Tamilnadu. Thirumanikkoodam temple is one of the 108 Divya Desam Temples, which are dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Thirumanikkoodam is built in a Dravidian style of structure. The mythology says that Lord Shiva had a dance of destruction (Rudra Tandava) carrying half burnt body of Goddess Sati after Goddess Sati’s self-immolation. To stop the dance of destruction performed by Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu threw His Chakra (Sudharshan Chakra) on Goddess Sati’s body which dismembered Her body into 52 parts.
And it is said that each time the hair of Lord Shiva touches the earth, there appeared eleven other forms of Lord Shiva. Lord Vishnu appeared in eleven forms as Lord Shiva did and solaced Lord Shiva saying that His dance of destruction may result in the destruction of entire creations on the world. The eleven forms of Lord Vishnu which appeared at Thirunangur is said to be where the eleven temples of Lord Vishnu are situated. Hence, the eleven temples at Thirunangur are very closely associated to each other in one way or the other. And it is said that eleven Rudras (deities) and the group of Rishis were worshipped Lord Vishnu and got blessings of Lord Vishnu at Thirunangur.
The presiding deity of this Thirumanikkoodam temple is Lord Varadharaja Perumal also called as ‘Lord Senkanmal’ (Lord Vishnu), in standing posture facing towards the east direction. The Goddess of this temple is Goddess Thirumamagal also called as Goddess Bhoodevi (Goddess Lakshmi). Thirumanikkoodam temple contains only of single Prakaram (outer courtyard) and with a single shrine. Thirumanikkoodam temple is glorified in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the great canon and the hymns were sung by Thirumangai Azhwar.
The poetry or mantra which are dedicated to each of the eleven temples by the legends are chanted in the respective temples even today. During the Garudasevai Festival which is celebrated on the month of January, the festival deities of all the eleven temples associated to Lord Vishnu at Thirunangur are brought on ‘Garuda Vahanam’ (the vehicle of Lord Vishnu). The Pushkarani (temple tank) of Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple is called as Chandra Pushkarani and the Vimanam (temple tower) of this temple is called as Kanaka Vimanam.
- Ushathkalam Pooja – 8 a.m.
- Kalasanthi Pooja – 10:00 a.m.
- Sayarakshai Pooja – 5:00 p.m.
- Ardha Jamam Pooja – 7:00 p.m.
- Thirumangai Azhwar Mangalasasana Utsavam and Garudasevai – January or February
- Vaikasi Brahmmotsavam – May or June
Extensive network of roads connect it to Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Pondicherry, Thanjavur and all other major cities. Nagapattinam is located at a distance of about 330kms from Chennai by Road.
Nagapattinam railway junction connects Thiruvarur in the west, Nagore in the north, Velankanni in the south and Karaikal in the east. There is a daily express train to Chennai via Mayiladuthurai and Ernakulam via Coimbatore and it connects all major cities.
The nearest Airport is Tiruchirapalli Airport, located 145 km (90 miles) away from the town.
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- Thanthondreeswarar Temple
- Neelakandeswarar Temple
- Pallavaneswarar Temple
- Aranyeswarar Temple
- Naganathar Temple