An image of Lord Venkateswaras posture in Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkateswara Temple
An image of Lord Venkateswaras posture in Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkateswara Temple

Srivari Brahmotsavam is an annual festival celebrated at Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati city of Andhra Pradesh, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, known as ‘Lord Venkateswara’,also named as ‘Lord Balaji’ as the chief presiding deity. Srivari Brahmotsavam is celebrated annually with great grand manner during the months of September – October for nine days in Tirumala.It was said that Lord Brahma, the God of creation, was the origin of this Brahmotsavam (Brahma’s Utsavam).

Lord Brahma was believed to be worshipped Lord Sri Venkateswara on the banks of sacred temple tank (Pushkarani) of Tirumala and thanked Him for the protection of humankind. And hence for this reason, this festival holds the name of Lord Brahma and is considered as a sacred purifying ceremony to honor Lord Brahma. Lord Brahma was revered in Sri Venkateswara Sahasranama stotram, one of the Hindu religious scripture which emphasize the importance of Lord Vishnu.

A view of Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkateswara Temple sorrounded by hills with dense forest.
A view of Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkateswara Temple sorrounded by hills with dense forest.

Lord Brahma was honored by the activity of carried on a small empty chariot called “Brahma Ratham”, which will be processioned twice in a day during the Brahmotsavam festival of Tirumala. During the ‘Brahmotsavams’ of Tirumala Venkateswara temple, Lakhs of devotees visits the temple to get the blessings of Lord Sri Balaji. And the fulfillment and josh experience experienced by the devotees is termed as ‘Vaikunth Anubhav’.

This festival is celebrated during the Sun is transiting in Kanyaa (Virgo) raasi in the zodiac, that generally coincides with Navarathri festival of Aaswayuja maasam (Telugu Month) as per Lunar calendar. Annual festival at Tirumala known as Saalakatla Brahmotsavam or Vaarshika Brahmotsavam will be held (after transit of Sun into Kanyaa raasi) for nine days with the 9th day coinciding with Sravana Nakshathra. Sravana Nakshathra is parameter for conclusion of Brahmotsavam.

An evening view of Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkatewara Temple
An evening view of Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkatewara Temple

Once in every three years when an extra month (Adhika Masa) comes according to Panchanga,Two Brahmotsavams will be performed. One in the month of Nija Bhadrapada (Telugu Month) and the other in the month of Aswayuja (Telugu Month) [during September and October respectively]. In normal course Srivari Brahmotsavam is performed in the month of Aswayuja only. Thus the Tirumala Sri Venkateswara temple celebrates Brahmotsavam twice in a year depending on the occurrence of Adhika masa.

Adhika masa is an additional month in the Hindu Lunar calendar and exists once in three years.This is taken into consideration only by the calendars that follows Lunar based calculations. Whenever, the year contains Adhika masa, Tirumala celebrates both the Brahmotsavams, Salakatla Brahmotsavam festival and Navaratri Brahmotsavam festival. Otherwise, the Tirumala temple celebrates only the Navaratri Brahmotsavam festival in a grand manner. The two Brahmotsavam festivals of Tirumala Sri Venkateswara temple are named as ‘Srivari Salakatla Brahmotsavam’ and ‘Srivari Navaratri Brahmotsavam’.

Chakra Snanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Chakra Snanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Events of Tirumala Brahmotsavam festival are as follows

  1. First Day – Morning: Dwajarohanam Evening: Pedda Sesha Vahanam
  2. Second Day – Morning: Chinna Sesha Vahanam Evening: Hamsa Vahanam
  3. Third Day – Morning: Simha Vahanam Evening: Mutyapu Pandiri Vahanam
  4. Fourth Day – Morning: Kalpavriksha Vahanam Evening: Sarvabhoopala Vahanam
  5. Fifth Day – Morning: Mohini Avatharam Evening: Garuda Vahanam
  6. Sixth Day – Morning: Hanumantha Vahanam Evening: Swarnarathotsavam & Gajavahanam
  7. Seventh Day – Morning: Suryaprabha Vahanam Evening: Chandraprabha Vahanam
  8. Eighth Day – Morning: Rathotsavam Evening: Ashwa Vahanam
  9. Ninth Day – Morning: Chakra Snanam & Pallaki Utsavam Evening: Golden Tiruchi Utsavam & Dwajavarohanam

Description of Brahmotsavam Festival Processions

1. First Day

An image of flag hoisting ceremony Dwajarohanam at Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple.
An image of flag hoisting ceremony Dwajarohanam at Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple.

Dwajarohanam

It is a flag hoisting ceremony which will be conducted in the morning session. The flag will be adorned with the emblem of Garuda, the mount of Lord Vishnu.

Pedda Sesha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Pedda Sesha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Pedda Sesha Vahanam

In the evening the beautiful procession of Lord Venkateswara is brought around the temple. The name of the Vahanam (vehicle) on which the Lord is carried is known as Pedda Sesha Vahanam, which will be in the shape of Adisesha(the thousand-headed serpent,a vahan of Lord Vishnu).

2. Second Day

Chinna Sesha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Chinna Sesha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Chinna Sesha Vahanam

The procession of Lord Venkateswara is brought around the temple in Chinna Sesha Vahanam (Small Adisesha vahan) in the shape of Adisesha, which can be observed in the morning.

Hamsa Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Hamsa Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Hamsa Vahanam

The second night will be sparkle with Unjal Seva (Swinging ceremony) which take place at Uyala mandapam of Venkateswara temple. After the Unjal Seva, a remarkable procession will take place, where Lord Venkateswara will be housed on Hamsa Vahanam (a swan shaped vehicle).

3. Third Day

Simha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Simha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Simha Vahanam

The procession of Lord Venkateswara on Simha Vahanam, a lion shaped vehicle, will be carried around, which can be noticed in the morning. Simha Vahanam is used in this procession, as it represents authority.

Mutyapu Pandiri Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Mutyapu Pandiri Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Mutyapu Pandiri Vahanam

The procession of Lord Venkateswara on Mutyapu Pandiri Vahanam, which is adorned with Pearls, can be observed in the evening.

4. Fourth Day

Kalpavriksha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsava in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Kalpavriksha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsava in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Kalpavriksha Vahanam

The procession of Lord Venkateswara on Kalpavriksha Vahanam, a wish-fulfilling divine tree, will be discerned in the morning.

Sarvabhoopala Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Sarvabhoopala Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Sarvabhoopala Vahanam

After the completion of Unjal Seva (swinging ceremony) in the evening, the procession of Lord Venkateswara on Sarvabhoopala Vahanam takes place. The Sarvabhoopala Vahanam signifies all the Kings on the earth.

5. Fifth Day

Mohini Avatharam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Mohini Avatharam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Mohini Avatharam

The fifth morning of the festival starts with the grand celebration of Lord Venkateswara as Mohini, the only female avatar of Lord Vishnu. The procession of beautiful idol of Mohini is carried on a palanquin, accompanied by Lord Krishna.

Garuda Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Garuda Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Garuda Vahanam

Garuda Vahanam is considered to be the more sacred Vahanam among all other Vahanams. After the completion of Unjal Seva (swinging ceremony) in the evening, the procession of Lord Venkateswara takes place in a grand manner where Lord is decorated with some sacred garlands with His main devotee and chief vehicle ‘Garuda‘(the king of birds) as his vehicle.It is believed by the devotees that this ‘Garuda Sevai‘ is highly meritable to have darshan of the Lord Vishnu seated on Garuda.

6. Sixth Day

Hanumantha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Hanumantha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Hanumantha Vahanam

The procession of Lord Venkateswara on Hanumantha Vahanam, the mount of Lord Vishnu,and also the Chief Devotee Lord Hanuman, can be observed. Spring festival is also observed on the same day.

Swarnarathotsavam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Swarnarathotsavam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Swarnarathotsavam & Gajavahanam

The procession of Lord Venkateswara on Swarnarathotsavam, the golden chariot is observed in the evening. And tonight, the procession of Lord on Gajavahanam, the elephant shaped vehicle, is also observed.

7. Seventh Day

Suryaprabha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Suryaprabha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Suryaprabha Vahanam

The procession of Lord Venkateswara on Suryaprabha Vahanam, the Sun shaped vehicle, carried around the temple in the morning, can be perceived.

Chandraprabha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Chandraprabha Vahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Chandraprabha Vahanam

After the completion of Unjal Seva (swinging ceremony) in the evening, the procession of Lord Venkateswara on Chandraprabha Vahanam, and the Moon shaped Vehicle, is admired.

8. Eighth Day

Rathotsavam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Rathotsavam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Rathotsavam

The procession of Lord Venkateswara on Rathotsavam, a huge decorated chariot, is carried around the temple in the morning. The chariot can be carried even by the devotees who wish to carry the sacred Vahanam.

AshwaVahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
AshwaVahanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Ashwa Vahanam

After the completion of Unjal Seva (swinging ceremony) in the evening, the procession of Lord Venkateswara on Ashwa Vahanam, and the horse shaped Vehicle, can be observed.

9. Ninth Day

Ninth Day Chakra Snanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple
Ninth Day Chakra Snanam of Srivari Brahmotsavam in Tirumala Tirupathi Venkateswara Temple

Chakra Snanam & Pallaki Utsavam

on the final day, the Chakra Snanam & Pallaki Utsavam is held. In the temple tank (Pushkarani), the Sudarshana chakra of Lord Venkateswara is immersed by the temple priests and the devotees will take a holy dip in the temple tank and worship the Lord. This process is known as Chakra Snanam.

Dwajavarohanam lowering the flag event of Srivari Brahmotsavam festival in Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkateswara Temple
Dwajavarohanam lowering the flag event of Srivari Brahmotsavam festival in Tirumala Tirupati Sri Venkateswara Temple

Golden Tiruchi Utsavam & Dwajavarohanam

The Brahmotsavam festival of Tirumala concludes with the event of Dwajavarohanam, the flag will be lowered. And mantras are chanted to pay obeisance to God. And the sandals and sacred Prasadam are distributed to the devotees.

By Road

National Highway NH 205 passes through Renigunta and hence is accessible from Chennai (4-6hrs), Bangalore (6½+ hours), and Hyderabad (10-12 hours) and other nearby cities.


By Train

Tirupathi is a major junction in South Central Railways. Indian Railways [1] operates direct trains from nearby metro cities – Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and other major Railway stations to Tirupathi. Trains can be boarded at nearby cities – Renigunta


By Air

Hyderabad Airport is the nearest airport. There are daily flight services operated from the major cities of India to Hyderabad.

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