Umananda Temple (or) Umananda Devaloi is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located at peacock Island, said to be the inhabited riverine smallest Island in the world, which is in the middle of Brahmaputra River, Guwahati. The holy mountain on which the Temple located is called as Bhasmacala Mountain. Umananda Temple was believed to be built by Gadadhar Singha, the Ahom King and a devout Shaivaite, one of the four most widely followed sects of Hinduism, which reveres the God Shiva as the Supreme God. Umananda Temple was built in the early 1694 A.D. and severely damaged by a catastrophic earthquake of 1897 and was reconstructed by a merchant who included Vaisnavite slogans inside the temple.
The legend says that this is the place where Lord Shiva dredged bhasma (ashes) and imparted knowledge to Goddess Parvati, the consort of Lord Vishnu. And it is believed that when Lord Shiva was under meditation on this mountain, Kamadeva, the Hindu god of love, disturbed the meditation of Lord Shiva and was burnt to ashes by the anger of Lord Shiva. Hence, the place is called as Bhasmacala.
The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Umananda (Lord Shiva), Tatrasti bhagavan sambhu- ruma- nandakarah Prabhu. The temple houses the images of Lord Shiva Lord Surya, Lord Ganesha, and Goddess Devi seen with a scorpion as emblem. The temple also has the representations of Lord Vishnu, and the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Worshiping Lord Umananda on the day of Amavasya, the new moon night is believed to be blissful.
The temple is adorned with rock cut images, which convey the excellent skills of Assamese craftsmen very ardently. The beautiful sculptures of this temple signifies that the worshipers of this temple have followed all the principals of Hindu gods.
The temple remains open from morning 5.30 AM to evening 6.00 PM
Shiva Chaturdasi – February or March
Guwahati is linked to all the major cities of Assam and nearby states. One can easily reach Guwahati by road from any part of the state.
The nearest railway station to Umananda Temple is Guwahati train station Junction which is 1 KM away from Umananda Temple.
The nearest airport to Umananda Temple is Guwahati airport, Guwahati which is 18 KM away from Umananda Temple.
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