vadaranyeswarar Temple
vadaranyeswarar Temple-Nagapatinam

Vadaranyeswarar Temple (Vallalar Koil) or is located in Myladuthurai in the city of Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu. The main gopuram of this Vallalar Temple dedicated to Sri Vathanyeswarar faces west. This temple is more famous as Vallalar temple. This temple is a Guru Parihara Sthalam and is also known as Medhaa Dakshinamurthy Temple. The main deity is called as Lord Vada Aaranyeswarar in Sanskrit and popularly known as Vallalar in Tamil faces west with Ambal Gnanambikai facing South. The temple is situated at the bank of river Cauvery with the beautiful Rishabha Mandapam in the middle of the majestic river. In this temple Lord Shiva worshipped in the form of a self-manifested Linga. There are four famous shrines of Lord Shiva Vazhikattum Vallalar shrine on the West, (In this temple Lord Shiva provided guidance to Lord Indra, Lord Vishnu and Lord Kubera when they lost their way during hunting expedition), Thuraikattum Vallalar shrine on the East (Lord Shiva fulfilled the earnest desire of Sambandhar to worship Lord crossing the brimming river Cauvery), Dakshinamayurm in the North and Uthramayuram in the South.

On the Southern side of the sanctum sanctorum is situated the sannidhi of Lord Medha Dakshinamurthi (The Lord of Wisdom). The Lord is seen sitting in yogasana with the right hand in Gnana Mudhra and the left holding a book. The unique feature of this Medha Dakhinamurthi is that he is seated on the Nandhi. There is the banyan tree behind and there is also a stone Nandhi in front of him. The tank adjoining the temple goes by the name of Gnanamrutha Saras. It also goes by the name Pancha Brahma Theertham. Maha Vidwan Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai has sung the history of the temple in Tamil. Generally, there is only one Nandhi before the sanctum in Sri Shiva Temples. Here is a Nandhi in a polite form before Lord Dakshinamurthy, a rare form.


Vadaranyeswarar Temple
A beautiful view of the Vadaranyeswarar Temple tower-Nagapattinam

According to legend stories, Sri Nandhi, the bull vehicle of Lord Shiva had sung 8 verses in praise of Lord Dakshinamurthy which is recommended to devotees for prayer and chanting for relief from arrogant qualities and to attain wisdom. According to mythology, Planet Jupiter worshipped Lord Dakshinamurthy to attain the power of granting boons to those worshipping him. This place is considered holy for Guru Worship. The spot in the Cauvery bank where Nandhi had His dip is praised as Nandhi theertham. There is A Nandi Temple in the middle of the river. Nandhi Theertham bathe will benefit of Snana baths on the holy rivers such as Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswathi, Narmada and Tambirapani. This bath helps the devotees to reading 18 puranas. The Guna Pushkarini Theertham is located north of the temple people facing adverse aspects of Jupiter use to have a dip.  Chamundi, one of the Saptha Madhas worshipped Lord Shiva in this temple seeking relief from the dosha of killing demon Mahishasura.

According to another legend, Rishabha Deva was so proud of himself and he thought he was superior to others because he was carrying Lord Shiva on his head. Lord Shiva decided to teach him a lesson and placed a strand of His hair on Rishaba Deva’s back. Rishabha Deva could not bear the weight and felt his nonsense. He worshiped Lord Shiva and requested for his forgiveness. Lord Shiva not only forgave him but blessed him with divine wisdom. Since the Lord here bestows abundance of knowledge, wealth and good health on His devotees, He is known as Vallalar. Vallal in tamil means, one who gives abundantly.

Opening Time

Morning 7.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m.

Evening 4.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.


  • Aipasi Thula month festival
  • The new moon day of the month of October-November
  • Maha Abishek to Lord Dakshinamurthy on the last Thursday of Karthikai (November-December)
By Bus

Extensive network of roads connect it to Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Pondicherry, Thanjavur and all other major cities. Nagapattinam is located at a distance of about 330kms from Chennai by Road.

By Train

Nagapattinam railway junction connects Thiruvarur in the west, Nagore in the north, Velankanni in the south and Karaikal in the east. There is a daily express train to Chennai via Mayiladuthurai and Ernakulam via Coimbatore and it connects all major cities.

By Air

The nearest Airport is Tiruchirapalli Airport, located 145 km (90 miles) away from the town.

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